MI is a type of counseling developed to help people in resolving their contradictory ambivalent and mixed insecurities and feelings. All to help them find the motivation that they need so they can become more able in changing whole or just parts of behavior they manifest. A motivational interview is a short-term, practical and empathetic process. The fact that life-changing decisions are complicated and difficult for everyone is the part of the process in this type of counseling.
When is it needed?
Counseling of this type is mostly used when there is a need to resolve addiction problems, and when a person wants to learn how to manage life-changing conditions that are affecting their health – such as asthma, heart problems, or diabetes. This is a form of intervention which purpose is helping people to find and keep their motivation so they can change their behavior which is preventing their healing process. MI is also used to help people lead healthier lives physically and psychologically, and it also prepares them for further therapies.
The goal is to help people become and stay motivated and prepared for the change that is awaiting them, and for the changes, they need to make. It is also helpful for the individuals who often feel hostile or angry. Committing to a change is not the main part of the process because this counseling can also concentrate on help people in navigating through different stages of their emotions, to find the right motivation.
Process and expectations
The role of an interviewer is in large to keep an open conversation, to listen carefully, and to reflect back all the thoughts client said, for a client to hear all those motivations and reasons again, but this time said back differently. This counseling is short-term and can be between one to three sessions, but it can also be a part of a longer therapy.
Motivational Interview has two goals. The first one is to find a way how to increase motivation; the second one is about committing. MI is created to help clients in expressing and understanding their needs; it is helping them to find motivation, focus and a way to commit to the change. This type of counseling can be combined with support groups (like AA), cognitive therapy, or other types of interventions.